Biblical Inerrancy is the idea that the Bible has no errors or faults in all of its teaching in the original autographs of the Bible. The Chicago Statement on Inerrancy says that:
“Scripture is without error or fault in all its teaching”Chicago Statement on Inerrancy
This is important to note that only the original autographs were one hundred percent inerrant, but there is strong evidence for Biblical reliability today.
Christians can trust that the Bible is inerrant because we trust that God is truthful. Theologian Martin Luther said that we can trust the Bible:
“Because we know that God does not lie. I and my neighbor and, in short, all men, may err and deceive, but the Word of God cannot err”Martin Luther
God is trustworthy because he is all-knowing, all-powerful, and all-loving.
It can be established that God is trustworthy, but what makes the Bible the word of God? Historically speaking, a strong case can be made that Jesus was a very important figure in history. Additionally, there is a strong case historically that He rose from the dead and was the Son of God. This can be seen through his apostles’ martyrdoms for the faith, and Paul’s sudden conversion to Christianity, in which he lost everything materially. Since God raised Jesus from the dead, we can trust what he says.
When you look at the Gospels, Jesus behaves and talks like he is God, so it is fair to conclude that Jesus is God. Jesus forgave sins and declared that, “I and the Father are one” (John 10:30). Jesus treated what became the Old Testament as the Word of God, and since Jesus was God, we can trust Him that the Old Testament is the Word of God. There are countless examples of Jesus quoting the Old Testament. Theologian Herman Bavinck wrote regarding Jesus’ treatment of the Old Testament that:
“We cannot take Jesus seriously as a teacher and reject his own teaching concerning Holy Scripture”Herman Bavinck
The New Testament is also the inerrant word of God. 2 Peter 1:20-21 makes it clear that “No prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.” Additionally, 2 Peter 3:16 acknowledges Paul’s writings as scriptures while acknowledging there were some hard things to understand within them.
Going deeper, 2 Timothy 3:16 says that, “All scripture is breathed out by God.” All of these verses provide great support for the belief that the New Testament is also the inerrant word of God.
If the Bible is the inerrant word of God, then it should line up with other fields of study. For example, archaeology suggests that the city of Jericho’s walls came down around 1400 BC, which fits perfectly with the story of the Israelites marching around the city, and the walls coming down in Joshua 6. The Bible is also prophetic.
Isaiah 53 is a prophecy written centuries before the coming of Christ, but matches Jesus’ story perfectly. When all of the evidence is looked at, there is a strong case for the Bible being the inerrant word of God.
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